Research

27 July 2017

The Shifting Geopolitics of Internet Access: From Broadband and Net Neutrality to Zero-rating Centre for International Governance Innovation

The nature of Internet access is constantly shifting. How infrastructure technologies are arranged and marketed directly determines conditions of access and participation. In the recent past, the Internet was normally accessed via “broadband” or fixed landline connections. However, the proliferation of smartphones, Wi-Fi access and high-speed cellular telephony networks has dramatically shifted the access landscape, particularly in emerging markets.

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09 July 2017

The Shifting Landscape of Global Internet Censorship by Jonathan L. Zittrain et al Social Science Research Network

Abstract: A sharp increase in web encryption and a worldwide shift away from standalone websites in favor of social media and online publishing platforms has altered the practice of state-level Internet censorship and in some cases led to broader crackdowns, the Internet Monitor project at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University finds.

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20 April 2016

The Role of Financial Services in Society: Understanding the impact of technology-enabled innovation on financial stability World Economic Forum

This paper, "Understanding the impact of technology-enabled innovation on financial stability", articulates key findings from a series of interviews and roundtables held with leaders from established and emerging providers of financial services, experts, and policymakers focused on technological transformation taking place in financial services. The document summarizes key opportunities and challenges created by technology-enabled innovation and proposes four recommendations, aimed at safeguarding financial stability and fostering innovation, for the public and private sectors to consider.

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05 October 2015

The Tor Dark Net Global Commission on Internet Governance

The term "Dark Net" is loosely defined, but most frequently refers to an area of the Internet only accessible by using an encryption tool called The Onion Router (Tor). Tor is a tool aimed at those desiring privacy online, although it frequently attracts those with criminal intentions. An innovative feature of Tor is the ability to host websites anonymously and with a degree of impunity -- designed to be used by those in repressive regimes who wish to host whistle-blowing or political content.

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04 October 2015

The Dark Web Dilemma: Tor, Anonymity and Online Policing Global Commission on Internet Governance

Online anonymity-granting systems such as The Onion Router (Tor) network can be used for both good and ill. The Dark Web is possible only because of online anonymity. Illegal markets, trolls and online child abuse rings proliferate due to the technology of Tor and other similar systems. However, the anonymity provided by such systems gives cover for people in repressive regimes that need the protection of technology in order to surf the Web, access censored content and otherwise exercise their genuine right to free expression.

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07 September 2015

Transaction costs, privacy, and trust: The laudable goals and ultimate failure of notice and choice to respect privacy online by Kirsten Martin First Monday

Abstract: The goal of this paper is to outline the laudable goals and ultimate failure of notice and choice to respect privacy online and suggest an alternative framework to manage and research privacy.

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10 August 2015

Media Consumer Survey 2015: Australian media and digital preferences - fourth edition Deloitte

This fourth edition of Deloitte's Media Consumer Survey provides a current snapshot of how Australians are consuming different media and entertainment, using technology and devices, interacting with social networks and responding to advertising.

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22 July 2015

OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2015 OECD

The digital economy now permeates countless aspects of the world economy, impacting sectors as varied as banking, retail, energy, transportation, education, publishing, media or health. Information and Communication Technologies are transforming the ways social interactions and personal relationships are conducted, with fixed, mobile and broadcast networks converging, and devices and objects increasingly connected to form the Internet of things.

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20 July 2015

The Mobile Internet: Open. Affordable. Content That Matters. Internet Society

While there's no question that the mobile Internet is changing everything, there are still big reasons why people aren't logging on. The 2015 Global Internet Report presents data that shows it's not always a question of if it's available, but rather how cost and a lack of useful content are core to why people are not opting in.

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19 July 2015

OECD: Countries should address disruptive effects of the digital economy OECD

Countries are making increased efforts to develop their digital economies in a way that will maximise social and economic benefits, but now need to address the risk of disruption in areas like privacy and jobs, according to a new OECD report.

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12 July 2015

Redefining privacy and anonymity through social networking affordances by Angela M. Cirucci First Monday

Abstract: Social networking sites allow people to create, broadcast, and interpret the self in new and evolving ways. While early online social media studies praised the Internet for providing an anonymous space in which to experiment with identity, more recent research suggests that social networking sites have become not anonymous, as they compel users to perform identity in new ways.

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15 June 2015

Navigating Cybersquatting Enforcement In The Expanding Internet by Jordan A. Arnot John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law

Abstract: It has always been a considerable task to police something as vast at the Internet for trademark violations and abuse. As the Internet develops with the ongoing launch of hundreds of new gTLDs, so does the host of enforcement options available to those seeking to protect the value of trademarks and other intellectual property.

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08 June 2015

The New Cybersecurity Agenda: Economic and Social Challenges to a Secure Internet by Johannes M. Bauer & William H. Dutton Social Science Research Network

Abstract: This paper focuses on key economic and social factors underpinning worldwide issues around cybersecurity and, identifies a new agenda for addressing these issues that is being shaped by the Internet and related information and communication technologies, such as social media. All actors in the widening ecology of the Internet require a better social and cultural understanding of cybersecurity issues in order to effectively engage all relevant stakeholders in processes aimed at enhancing cybersecurity.

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06 April 2015

The New gTLD Program or the More Things Change the More Things Stay the Same by Jack Vidovich American University

Abstract: The New gTLD Program purports to increase the amount of domain names available on the Internet. This Article suggests that The Program will not meet its stated goals. The Article demonstrates this shortcoming by analyzing the jurisprudence from the Legal Rights Objection and forecasting how other courts and panels will absorb these principles, and adjudicate gTLD disputes in the near future.

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15 March 2015

Sovereignty and Property Rights: Conceptualizing the Relationship between ICANN, ccTLDs and National Governments by Milton Mueller & Farzaneh Badiei Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Can ccTLDs be considered property? Or are they sovereign rights? Or are they somehow both? In recent litigation involving the top level domain for Iran (.IR), plaintiffs sought to garnish the domain as a form of property that could be used to compensate victims of terrorist acts allegedly backed by the Iranian state. Similar cases seeking to garnish ccTLDs have affected Syria (.SY) and the Congo (.CG).

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08 March 2015

Youth, privacy and online media: Framing the right to privacy in public policy-making by Gry Hasselbalch Lapenta, Rikke Frank Jørgensen First Monday

Abstract: The right to privacy is a fundamental human right defined in international and regional human rights instruments. As such it has been included as a core component of key legislature and policy proceedings throughout the brief history of the World Wide Web.

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09 February 2015

How to control the Internet: Comparative political implications of the Internet's engineering by Steven Lloyd Wilson First Monday

Abstract: The spread of the Internet has had a profound impact on the social sciences, but understanding of how the engineering realities of the Internet's construction shape its political effects still lags.

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29 January 2015

The Role of Data in Promoting Growth and Well-Being OECD

Data forms a key pillar in 21st century sources of growth. The confluence of several trends, including the increasing migration of socio-economic activities to the Internet and the decline in the cost of data collection, storage and processing, are leading to the generation and use of huge volumes of data - commonly referred to as "big data". These large data sets are becoming a core asset in the economy, fostering new industries, processes and products and creating significant competitive advantages.

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12 January 2015

Censorship is f̶u̶t̶i̶l̶e̶ possible but difficult: A study in algorithmic ethnography by Paul Watters First Monday

Abstract: Discourse around censorship tends to be sensationalised in many quarters. Nabi (2014), for example, recently sought to "prove ... the futility" of governments engaged in censorship programmes through the Streisand Effect.

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16 December 2014

Measuring the Digital Economy: A New Perspective OECD

Measuring the Digital Economy: A New Perspective uses internationally comparable indicators to provide a comprehensive perspective on the digital economy.

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07 December 2014

China and Technical Global Internet Governance: Beijing's Approach to Multi-Stakeholder Governance within ICANN, WSIS and the IGF by Tristan Galloway & Baogang He [Deakin University] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Since the late 1990s, the Chinese government has engaged in a process of attempting to reform the technical global internet governance regime, which is currently dominated by the US government and non-state actors.

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18 November 2014

OECD Report: The Economics of Transition to IPv6 OECD

This report makes the case that IPv6 represents an example of a platform; within the context of IPv6, the sides of the platform are Internet service providers, backbone providers, device manufacturers, content providers, and so forth. The net benefits to adopting the new platform are not distributed equally across sides.

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16 November 2014

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 OECD

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies

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14 November 2014

Wireless Market Structures and Network Sharing OECD

A key issue for policy makers and regulators across the OECD area is the market structures that will best deliver efficient and inclusive mobile communication services. This has led to two issues addressed in this report, namely: the recent experience in selected countries, which have changed or held constant the number of facilities based operators; and the initial experience and key questions that have arisen with wireless network sharing.

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02 November 2014

Baywatch: Two Approaches to Measure the Effects of Blocking Access to the Pirate Bay by Joost Poort, Jorna Leenheer, Jeroen Van der Ham & Cosmin Dumitru Social Science Research Network

Abstract: In the fight against the unauthorised sharing of copyright protected material, aka piracy, Dutch Internet Service Providers have been summoned by courts to block their subscribers' access to The Pirate Bay (TPB) and related sites.

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